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Impact and Recovery Process of Mini Flash Crashes: An Empirical Study

Tobias Braun, Jonas A. Fiegen, Daniel C. Wagner, Sebastian M. Krause, Thomas Guhr

posted on 24 July 2017

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In an Ultrafast Extreme Event (or Mini Flash Crash), the price of a traded stock increases or decreases strongly within milliseconds. We present a detailed study of Ultrafast Extreme Events in stock market data. In contrast to popular belief, our analysis suggests that most of the Ultrafast Extreme Events are not primarily due to High Frequency Trading. In at least 60 percent of the observed Ultrafast Extreme Events, the main cause for the events are large market orders. In times of financial crisis, large market orders are more likely which can be linked to the significant increase of Ultrafast Extreme Events occurrences. Furthermore, we analyze the 100 trades following each Ultrafast Extreme Events. While we observe a tendency of the prices to partially recover, less than 40 percent recover completely. On the other hand we find 25 percent of the Ultrafast Extreme Events to be almost recovered after only one trade which differs from the usually found price impact of market orders.