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Measuring capital market efficiency: Global and local correlations structure

Ladislav Kristoufek, Miloslav Vosvrda

posted on 08 August 2012

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We introduce a new measure for the capital market efficiency. The measure takes into consideration the correlation structure of the returns (long-term and short-term memory) and local herding behavior (fractal dimension). The efficiency measure is taken as a distance from an ideal efficient market situation. Methodology is applied to a portfolio of 41 stock indices. We find that the Japanese NIKKEI is the most efficient market. From geographical point of view, the more efficient markets are dominated by the European stock indices and the less efficient markets cover mainly Latin America, Asia and Oceania. The inefficiency is mainly driven by a local herding, i.e. a low fractal dimension.

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