Archive Research Seminar
April to May
Due to COVID-19 all the other seminars had to be cancelled.
Thanks to the following people who were available for a presentation:
March 26, Gerd Muehlheusser, Hamburg University
April 9, Kai Gehring, University of Zurich
April 30, Pauline Rossi, University of Amsterdam
May 14, Dominic Rohner, University of Lausanne
May 28, Jon Fiva, Norwegian Business School
Seminar on the 12th of March
Presenter: Giuliano Bonoli, University of Lausanne
Title: "Signals of non-cognitive skills in recruitment processes: evidence from survey experiments with employers"
Seminar on the 27th of February
Presenter: Marina Schröder, University of Hannover
Unfortunately the event had to be cancelled
Seminar on the 19th of December
Presenter: Günther Fink, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute
Title: "Seasonal Liquidity, Rural Labor Markets and Agricultural Production" with B. Kelsey Jack and Felix Masiye
Seminar on the 5th of December
Presenter: Luigi Butera, Copenhagen Business School
Title: "The Deadweight Loss of Social Recognition"
Seminar on the 21st of November
Presenter: Juan Morales, Carlo Alberto College
Title: "Legislating During War: Conflict and Politics in Colombia"
This paper studies how politicians and their constituents respond to political violence by investigating the case of the Colombian civil conflict. I use data on rebel attacks, legislators’ tweets and roll-call votes, and I employ event study and difference-in-differences empirical methods. Twitter engagement (as a proxy for popular support) increases after rebel attacks for both incumbent party legislators and for tweets with a “hard-line” language. Legislators increase their support for the incumbent party after attacks, but only when the government has a hard-line policy position, as inferred both from the recent historical context and from text analysis of the president’s tweets. Though the effects are initially large they last less than two weeks. The empirical results are consistent with a political economy model of legislative behaviour in which events that shift voters’ views, and the presence of rally ’round the flag effects, elicit different politician responses depending on the policy position of the incumbent party. Finally, I identify a set of potentially affected congressional votes, suggesting that these conflict-induced swings in incumbent support can have persistent policy consequences.
Seminar on the 7th of November
Presenter: Devesh Rustagi, Brown University
Title: "Historical Self-Governance and Norms of Cooperation"
This paper uses a natural experiment to study the effect of historical self-governance on fairness- based norms of cooperation that prescribe contribution provided others do the same. In the Middle Ages, the extinction of the Zaehringen dynasty from the absence of an heir resulted in some Swiss municipalities acquiring historical forms of self-governance, whereas the others continued under feudalism for hundreds of years. Data from three different sources – behavioral experiment, World Values Survey, and Swiss Household Panel – consistently show that individuals from treated municipalities display stronger norms of cooperation than individuals from control group municipalities. Using a novel dataset, I track citizenship in a municipality over time to rule out migration as an explanation. Further analyses show these differences persist not due to higher prosperity or education, but due to cultural transmission. Finally, though municipalities today have identical institutions of self-governance, these institutions function much better in the treated areas.
Seminar on the 24th of October
Presenter: Christian Ochsner, CERGE-EI (Prague) and University of Zürich
Title: "Mobilizing history: The case of the Turkish sieges of Vienna"
We show that salient history stored in collective memories and mobilized by political campaigns creates new out-group sentiments and triggers political radicalization. Turkish troops besieged the Habsburg capital Vienna in 1529 and 1683 and pillaged individual villages in East Austria, raping, killing and kidnapping local residents in the process. Attacked places well remember those events but have never shown more aversion to Muslims until far-right populists started to campaign against Turks and Muslims in the mid-2000s. Our results show that anti-Muslim sentiments and vote shares for the far right increase in once attacked villages compared to unscathed ones, and Turkish communities decrease. Historical narratives in political campaigns can thus turn on and off beliefs and actions.
Seminar on the 20th of October
Presenter: Mathias Thoenig, University of Lausanne
Title: "The Refugee's Dilemma: Evidence from Jewish Outmigration in Nazi Germany"
Seminar on the 26th of September
Presenter: Christian Keuschnigg, University of St.Gallen
Title: "The Schumpeterian Role of Banks: Credit Reallocation and Capital Structure" with Michael Kogler
Seminar on the 23rd of May
Presenter: Patrick Premand, World Bank
Title: “Creating New Positions? Direct and Indirect Effects of a Subsidized Apprenticeship Program” with Bruno Crépon (Crest)
Evaluations of employment programs usually focus on direct impacts on participants, but potential indirect effects are rarely quantified. This paper analyzes how the introduction of a subsidized apprenticeship program in Côte d’Ivoire impacts youths’ decision to enter apprenticeship and firms’ demand for apprentices in the short-term. The experiment simultaneously randomized whether apprenticeship positions opened by firms were filled by the program, and whether interested youths were assigned to a formal apprenticeship. This design allows for estimating whether individuals forgo other apprenticeship opportunities (windfall effects), and whether firms replace other apprentices with program participants (substitution effects). We find both effects to be moderate. A framework shows how they combine. Overall, 0.74 to 0.77 apprenticeship position is created per subsidized apprentice. This shows that the intervention expands access to apprenticeships and increases the net number of positions in firms. The subsidy offsets foregone labor earnings while youth are in formal apprenticeships. At the same time, the net value of work provided by apprentices increases, pointing to large indirect effects in firms.
Seminar on the 16th of May
Presenter: Johanna Mollerstrom, Humboldt University
Title: "Income Mobility, Luck/Effort Beliefs, and the Demand for Redistribution: Perceptions and Reality"
Seminar on the 2nd of May
Presenter: Lorenzo Casburi, University of Zürich
Title: "ICT and Firm Performance: Evidence from Contract Farming in Kenya" with Michael Kremer and Ravindra Ramrattan
We study how ICT affects performance of a large agribusiness company in Western Kenya, which buys sugarcane from small-scale farmers and processes it. At baseline, the company often delays provision of fertilizer and other inputs to the farmers. A simple model shows how agency problems within large firms can lead to poor firm performance in input delivery. In a field experiment, enabling a random group of farmers to report delays to the company through a hotline improves the company performance in fertilizer provision. The intervention generates positive geographic spillovers, since it induces the company to deliver inputs to several neighboring plots.
Seminar on the 11th of April
Presenter: Claudio Tessone, University of Zürich
Title: "Centralised Cecentralisation: A Look at the (Misplaced) Incentives in Cryptocurrencies"
Seminar on the 28th of March
Presenter: Stefan Buehler, University of St.Gallen
Title: "Cost Transparency"
Seminar on the 14th of March - Unfortunately the seminar had to be cancelled
Presenter: Laurent Simula, ENS Lyon
Seminar on the 28th of February
Presenter: Raphael Parchet, USI - Lugano
Title: "Who Bear the Burden of Local Taxes" with Marius Brülhart, Jayson Danton and Jörg Schläpfer
Seminar on the 20th of December
Presenter: Lorenz Kueng, Kellog School, Northwestern University
Title: "The Riskiness of Owning vs. Renting Housing in Spatial Equilibrium"
Seminar on the 13th of December
Presenter: Emmanuelle Auriol, Toulouse School of Economics
Title: "Intellectual Property Rights and Trade" with Sara Biancini and Rodrigo Paillacar
The paper studies developing countries' incentives to protect intellectual property rights (IPR) in a model of vertical innovation. IPR enforcement is U-shaped in a country's market size relative to the aggregated market size of its trade partners: small/poor countries protect IPR to get access to advanced economies' markets, while large emerging countries tend to free-ride on rich countries' technology to serve their internal demand. Asymmetric protection of IPR, strict in the North and lax in the South, leads in many cases to a higher level of innovation than universal enforcement. An empirical analysis conducted with panel data covering 112 countries and 45 years supports the theoretical predictions.
Seminar on the 22nd of November
Presenter: Dionissi Aliprantis, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Title: "Evidence of Neighborhood Effects from Moving to Opportunity: LATEs of Neighborhood Quality" PDF
Seminar on the 8th of November
Presenter: Lucia del Carpio, Insead
Title: “More Women in Tech? Evidence from a field experiment addressing social identity”
This paper investigates whether social identity considerations-through beliefs and norms- drive women’s occupational choices. We implement two field experiments with potential applicants to a five-month software-coding program offered to women from low-income backgrounds in Peru and Mexico. When we correct the perception that women cannot succeed in technology by providing role models, information on returns and access to a female network, application rates double and the self-selection patterns change. Analysis of those patterns suggests that identity considerations act as barriers to entering the technology sector and that some high-cognitive skill women do not apply because of their high identity costs. PDF
Seminar on the 25th of October
Presenter: Hans Fricke, University of Stanford
Title: "Too little or too much? Actionable Advice in an Early-Childhood Text Messaging Experiment?"
Seminar on the 11th of October
Presenter: Fabrice Le Lec, University Paris 1
Title: "Liberal or paternalistic preference? An experimental test"
Seminar on the 24th of May
Presenter: Vincent Vannetelbosch, Université catholique de Louvian
Title: "R&D Network Formation with Myopic and Farsighted Firms"
Seminar on the 17th of May
Presenter: Sylvie Lambert, Paris School of Economics
Title: "Adoption of improved seeds and land allocation: evidence from DRC" with Tanguy Bernard, Sylvie Lambert, Karen Macours et Margaux Vinez.
Seminar on the 29th of March
Presenter: Elena Esposito, University of Lausanne
Title: "Side effects of immunity: the rise of African slavery in the US South"
Seminar on the 15th of March
Presenter: Davide Cantoni, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Title: "Protests as Strategic Games: Experimental Evidence from Hong Kong's Democracy Movement"
Seminar on the 1st of March
Presenter: Steve Stillmann, University of Bozen
Title: "Violent conflict and the Child Quantity-Quality Tradeoff"
Seminar on the 7th of December
Presenter: Michael Lechner, University of St.Gallen
Title: "Heterogeneous Employment Effects of Job Search Programmes: A Machine Learning Approach"
Seminar on the 23rd of November
Presenter: Simon Hug, University of Geneva
Title: "Shirking and Slacking in Parliament" with Elena Frech and Niels Goet
Seminar on the 9th of November
Presenter: Giovanni Mellace, University of Southern Denmark
Title: "The Causal Effects of Diabets Disease Management in General Practice on Hospitalizations"
Seminar on the 2nd of November
Presenter: Jean Robert Tyran, University of Vienna
Title: "Voter Motivation and the Quality of Democratic Choice" with Lydia Mechtenberg
Seminar on the 19th of October
Presenter: Paul Raschky, Monash University
Title: "The Internet and Political Mobilization" with Klaus Ackermann, Simon Angus and Roland Hodler
Seminar on the 12th of October
Presenter: Joel van der Weele, University of Amsterdam
Title: "Deception and Self Deception"
Seminar on the 28th of September
Presenter: Lena Janys, University of Bonn
Title: "A General Semiparametric Approach to Inference with Marker-Dependent Hazard Rate Models with and without Frailty"
Seminar on the 18th of May
Presenter: Benny Geys, Norwegian Business School
Title: "Abandon Ship? Party Brands and Politicians' Responses to a Political Scandal"
Seminar on the 4th of May
Presenter: Michael Grimm, University of Passau
Title: "Rainfall risk, fertility and development: Evidence from farm settlements during the American demographic transition"
Seminar on the 27th of April
Presenter: Pramila Krishnan, Cambridge
Title: "Fading Choice: Transport Costs and Variety in Consumer Goods" with Jan Willem Gunning and Andualem Telaye
Seminar on the 6th of April
Presenter: Gianmarco Leon, University of Pompeu Fabra
Title: "Accountability, Political Capture and Selection into Politics: Evidence from Peruvian Municipalities"
Seminar on the 23rd of March
Presenter: Petros Sekeris, University of Portsmouth
Title: "Unbundling the Resource Curse" with Alex Dickson and Ian MacKenzie
Seminar on the 15th of March, Room B205, 11:15 - 12:30 a.m.
Presenter: Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Syracuse University, Center for Policy Research
Title: "Conscription and Military Service: Do They Result in Future Violent and Non-Violent Incarcerations and Recidivism?" with Xintong Wang
Seminar on the 9th of March
Seminar on the 23rd of February
Presenter: Alessandro Riboni, Ecole Polytechnique
Title: "Nation-building, Nationlism and Wars" with Alberto Alesina and Bryony Reich
Seminar on the 1st of December
Presenter: Lore Vandewalle, Graduate Institute
Title: "The social cost of social norms: evidence from gender quotas"
Seminar on the 24th of November
Presenter: Simone Schüller, IFO Münich
Title: "Internet and Voting in the Web 2.0 Era: Evidence from a Local Broadband Policy"
Seminar on the 10th of November
Presenter: Mario Jametti, Università della Svizzera Italiana (Lugano)
Title: "Catastrophic Agglomeration: Indirect Evidence from the Tax Sensitivity of Firm Births?"
Seminar on the 27th of October
Presenter: Dana Sisak, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Title: "Peer Evaluation and Team Performance: An Experiment on Complex Problem Solving" with John Morgan and Susanne Neckermann
Seminar on the 13th of October
Presenter: Isabel Günther, ETH Zürich
Title: "Making an impact? The relevance of aid effectiveness for donation decisions. A laboratory experiment."
Seminar on the 29th of September
Presenter: Holger Strulik, University of Göttingen
Title: "Health and Hyperbolic Discounting"
Seminar on the 19th of May
Presenter: François Libois, Namur University
Title: " Households in Times of War: Adaptation Strategies during the Nepal Civil War"
Seminar on the 27th of April (Wednesday) Room B205, 4:15 - 5:30 p.m.
Presenter: Katie Baldiga Coffmann, Ohio State University
Title: "Evidence on Self-Stereotyping and the Contribution of Ideas"
Seminar on the 27th of April (Wednesday) Room B205, 2:30 - 3:45 p.m.
Presenter: Lucas Coffman, Ohio State University
Title: "Pathways of Persuasion", joint with Paul Niehaus
Seminar on the 20th of April (Wednesday) Room B130
Presenter: Johannes Schmieder, Boston University
Title: "The Rise of Domestic Outsourcing and the Evolution of the German Wage Structure"
Seminar on the 24th of March
Presenter: Dominique van de Walle, World Bank
Title: "Women left behind? Poverty and headship in Africa", with Annamaria Milazzo
Seminar on the 10th of March
Presenter: Andreas Steinmayr, University of Munich
Title: "Exposure to Refugees and Voting for the Far-Right. (Unexpected) Results from Austria"
Seminar on the 25th of February
Presenter: Mark Gradstein, Ben-Gurion University
Title: “Can Black Gold Shine? The Effect of Oil Prices on Nighttime Light in Brazil”, with Marc Klemp
Seminar on the 10th of December
Presenter: Marie Claire Villeval, CNRS - University of Lyon
Title: "Equality concerns and the limits of self-governance in heterogeneous populations"
Seminar on the 26th of November
Presenter: Harald Oberhofer, Vienna University of Economics and Business
Title: "Who Creates Jobs? Econometric Modeling and Evidence for Austrian Firm Level Data"
Seminar on the 12th of November
Presenter: Florian Zimmermann, University of Zürich
Title: " Learning about Job Search: A Field Experiment with Job Seekers in Germany"
Seminar on the 29th of October
Presenter: Christoph Moser, University of Salzburg
Title: "Hidden Protectionism? Evidence from Non-tariff Barriers to Trade in the United States" (joint work with Robert Grundke)
Seminar on the 15th of October
Presenter: Christian Thöni, Université de Lausanne
Title: "Cultural origins of cooperation: The role of permeability of societies"
Seminar on the 1st of October
Presenter: Ronny Freier, DIW, Berlin
Title: "Regression Discontinuity Designs Based on Population Thresholds: Pitfalls and Solutions "
Seminar on the 17th of September
Presenter: Christina Felfe, University of St. Gallen
Title: "Granting Birthright Citizenship - A Door Opener for Immigrant Children's Educational Participation and Success?"
Seminar on the 21st of May
Presenter: Thomas Brändle, Eidg. Finanzverwaltung und Universität Basel
Title:"What drives public health care expenditure"
Seminar on the 7th of May
Presenter: Nicola Gennaioli, Boddoni University
Seminar on the 30th of April
Presenter: Andrew Pickering, University of York
Title: "Inequality and the composition of taxes"
Seminar on the 26th of March
Presenter: Carl Christian von Weizsäcker, Max Planck Institute
Title: "The negative natural rate of interest - and its policy implications"
Seminar on the 19th of March
Presenter: Hillel Rapoport, Paris School of Economics
Title: "The effect of labor migration on the diffusion of democracy: evidence from a former Soviet Republic"
Seminar on the 12th of March
Presenter: Roland Hodler, Universität St. Gallen
Title: "Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China's Foreign Assistance"
Seminar on the 26th of February
Presenter: Julien Labonne, University of Oxford
Title: "Incumbent Advantage, Voter Information and Vote Buying" with Ceci Cruz and Phil Keefer
Seminar on the 11th of December
Presenter: Marko Koethenbuerger, ETH Zürich
Title: "Do electoral Rules Alter the Effect of Fiscal Transfers? Evidence from German Municipalities"
Seminar on the 27th of November
Presenter: Catherine Guirkinger, University of Namur
Title: "Tribes and ploughs: clan institutions and production decisions of Kazakhs under Russian colonization"
Seminar on the 13th of November
Presenter: Mathieu Couttenier, University of Lausanne
Title: "The Violent Legacy of War Exposure: Evidence on Asylum Seekers, Crimes and Public Policy in Swiss Cantons" with V. Preotu, D. Rohner, and M. Thoenig
Seminar on the 30th of October
Presenter: Marc Sangnier, Aix-Marseille School of Economics
Title: "The Wild West is Wild: The Homicide Resource Curse"
Seminar on the 16 th of October
Presenter: Eva Deuchert, Universität St. Gallen
Title: "Crawling Up the Cash Cliff: Behavioral Responses to a Disability Insurance Reform"
Seminar on the 2nd of October
Presenter: Nicolas Jacquemet, Paris School of Economics and University of Lorraine
Title: "Labour Supply, Work Effort and Contract Choice: Theory and Evidence on Physicians with B. Fortin and B. Seharer"