Archive Research Seminar

Seminars 2020

  • April to May

    Due to COVID-19 all the other seminars had to be cancelled.

    Thanks to the following people who were available for a presentation:

    March 26, Gerd Muehlheusser, Hamburg University
    April 9, Kai Gehring, University of Zurich
    April 30, Pauline Rossi, University of Amsterdam
    May 14, Dominic Rohner, University of Lausanne
    May 28, Jon Fiva, Norwegian Business School

  • March

    Seminar on the 12th of March
    Presenter: Giuliano Bonoli, University of Lausanne
    Title: "Signals of non-cognitive skills in recruitment processes: evidence from survey experiments with employers"

  • February

    Seminar on the 27th of February
    Presenter: Marina Schröder, University of Hannover
    Unfortunately the event had to be cancelled

Seminars 2019

  • December

    Seminar on the 19th of December
    Presenter: Günther Fink, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute
    Title: "Seasonal Liquidity, Rural Labor Markets and Agricultural Production" with B. Kelsey Jack and Felix Masiye

    Seminar on the 5th of December
    Presenter: Luigi Butera, Copenhagen Business School
    Title: "The Deadweight Loss of Social Recognition"

  • November

    Seminar on the 21st of November
    Presenter: Juan Morales, Carlo Alberto College
    Title: "Legislating During War: Conflict and Politics in Colombia"
    Abstract
    This paper studies how politicians and their constituents respond to political violence by investigating the case of the Colombian civil conflict. I use data on rebel attacks, legislators’ tweets and roll-call votes, and I employ event study and difference-in-differences empirical methods. Twitter engagement (as a proxy for popular support) increases after rebel attacks for both incumbent party legislators and for tweets with a “hard-line” language. Legislators increase their support for the incumbent party after attacks, but only when the government has a hard-line policy position, as inferred both from the recent historical context and from text analysis of the president’s tweets. Though the effects are initially large they last less than two weeks. The empirical results are consistent with a political economy model of legislative behaviour in which events that shift voters’ views, and the presence of rally ’round the flag effects, elicit different politician responses depending on the policy position of the incumbent party. Finally, I identify a set of potentially affected congressional votes, suggesting that these conflict-induced swings in incumbent support can have persistent policy consequences.

    Seminar on the 7th of November
    Presenter: Devesh Rustagi, Brown University
    Title: "Historical Self-Governance and Norms of Cooperation" 
    Abstract
    This paper uses a natural experiment to study the effect of historical self-governance on fairness- based norms of cooperation that prescribe contribution provided others do the same. In the Middle Ages, the extinction of the Zaehringen dynasty from the absence of an heir resulted in some Swiss municipalities acquiring historical forms of self-governance, whereas the others continued under feudalism for hundreds of years. Data from three different sources – behavioral experiment, World Values Survey, and Swiss Household Panel – consistently show that individuals from treated municipalities display stronger norms of cooperation than individuals from control group municipalities. Using a novel dataset, I track citizenship in a municipality over time to rule out migration as an explanation. Further analyses show these differences persist not due to higher prosperity or education, but due to cultural transmission. Finally, though municipalities today have identical institutions of self-governance, these institutions function much better in the treated areas.

  • October

    Seminar on the 24th of October  
    Presenter: Christian Ochsner, CERGE-EI (Prague) and University of Zürich
    Title: "Mobilizing history: The case of the Turkish sieges of Vienna"
    Abstract 
    We show that salient history stored in collective memories and mobilized by political campaigns creates new out-group sentiments and triggers political radicalization. Turkish troops besieged the Habsburg capital Vienna in 1529 and 1683 and pillaged individual villages in East Austria, raping, killing and kidnapping local residents in the process. Attacked places well remember those events but have never shown more aversion to Muslims until far-right populists started to campaign against Turks and Muslims in the mid-2000s. Our results show that anti-Muslim sentiments and vote shares for the far right increase in once attacked villages compared to unscathed ones, and Turkish communities decrease. Historical narratives in political campaigns can thus turn on and off beliefs and actions.

    Seminar on the 20th of October 
    Presenter: Mathias Thoenig, University of Lausanne
    Title: "The Refugee's Dilemma: Evidence from Jewish Outmigration in Nazi Germany"

  • September

    Seminar on the 26th of September
    Presenter: Christian Keuschnigg, University of St.Gallen
    Title: "The Schumpeterian Role of Banks: Credit Reallocation and Capital Structure" with Michael Kogler

  • May

    Seminar on the 23rd of May
    Presenter: Patrick Premand, World Bank
    Title: “Creating New Positions? Direct and Indirect Effects of a Subsidized Apprenticeship Program” with Bruno Crépon (Crest)
    Abstract
    Evaluations of employment programs usually focus on direct impacts on participants, but potential indirect effects are rarely quantified. This paper analyzes how the introduction of a subsidized apprenticeship program in Côte d’Ivoire impacts youths’ decision to enter apprenticeship and firms’ demand for apprentices in the short-term. The experiment simultaneously randomized whether apprenticeship positions opened by firms were filled by the program, and whether interested youths were assigned to a formal apprenticeship. This design allows for estimating whether individuals forgo other apprenticeship opportunities (windfall effects), and whether firms replace other apprentices with program participants (substitution effects). We find both effects to be moderate. A framework shows how they combine. Overall, 0.74 to 0.77 apprenticeship position is created per subsidized apprentice. This shows that the intervention expands access to apprenticeships and increases the net number of positions in firms. The subsidy offsets foregone labor earnings while youth are in formal apprenticeships. At the same time, the net value of work provided by apprentices increases, pointing to large indirect effects in firms.

    Seminar on the 16th of May
    Presenter: Johanna Mollerstrom, Humboldt University
    Title: "Income Mobility, Luck/Effort Beliefs, and the Demand for Redistribution: Perceptions and Reality"

    Seminar on the 2nd of May
    Presenter: Lorenzo Casburi, University of Zürich
    Title: "ICT and Firm Performance: Evidence from Contract Farming in Kenya" with Michael Kremer and Ravindra Ramrattan
    Abstract
    We study how ICT affects performance of a large agribusiness company in Western Kenya, which buys sugarcane from small-scale farmers and processes it. At baseline, the company often delays provision of fertilizer and other inputs to the farmers. A simple model shows how agency problems within large firms can lead to poor firm performance in input delivery. In a field experiment, enabling a random group of farmers to report delays to the company through a hotline improves the company performance in fertilizer provision. The intervention generates positive geographic spillovers, since it induces the company to deliver inputs to several neighboring plots.

  • April

    Seminar on the 11th of April
    Presenter: Claudio Tessone, University of Zürich
    Title: "Centralised Cecentralisation: A Look at the (Misplaced) Incentives in Cryptocurrencies"

  • March

    Seminar on the 28th of March
    Presenter: Stefan Buehler, University of St.Gallen
    Title: "Cost Transparency"

    Seminar on the 14th of March - Unfortunately the seminar had to be cancelled
    Presenter: Laurent Simula, ENS Lyon

  • February

    Seminar on the 28th of February
    Presenter: Raphael Parchet, USI - Lugano
    Title: "Who Bear the Burden of Local Taxes" with Marius Brülhart, Jayson Danton and Jörg Schläpfer

Seminars 2018

  • December

    Seminar on the 20th of December
    Presenter: Lorenz Kueng, Kellog School, Northwestern University
    Title: "The Riskiness of Owning vs. Renting Housing in Spatial Equilibrium"

    Seminar on the 13th of December
    Presenter: Emmanuelle Auriol, Toulouse School of Economics
    Title: "Intellectual Property Rights and Trade" with Sara Biancini and Rodrigo Paillacar
    Abstract
    The paper studies developing countries' incentives to protect intellectual property rights (IPR) in a model of vertical innovation. IPR enforcement is U-shaped in a country's market size relative to the aggregated market size of its trade partners: small/poor countries protect IPR to get access to advanced economies' markets, while large emerging countries tend to free-ride on rich countries' technology to serve their internal demand. Asymmetric protection of IPR, strict in the North and lax in the South, leads in many cases to a higher level of innovation than universal enforcement. An empirical analysis conducted with panel data covering 112 countries and 45 years supports the theoretical predictions.

  • November

    Seminar on the 22nd of November
    Presenter: Dionissi Aliprantis, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
    Title: "Evidence of Neighborhood Effects from Moving to Opportunity: LATEs of Neighborhood Quality" PDF

    Seminar on the 8th of November
    Presenter: Lucia del Carpio, Insead
    Title: “More Women in Tech? Evidence from a field experiment addressing social identity”
    Abstract
    This paper investigates whether social identity considerations-through beliefs and norms- drive women’s occupational choices. We implement two field experiments with potential applicants to a five-month software-coding program offered to women from low-income backgrounds in Peru and Mexico. When we correct the perception that women cannot succeed in technology by providing role models, information on returns and access to a female network, application rates double and the self-selection patterns change. Analysis of those patterns suggests that identity considerations act as barriers to entering the technology sector and that some high-cognitive skill women do not apply because of their high identity costs. PDF

  • October

    Seminar on the 25th of October
    Presenter: Hans Fricke, University of Stanford
    Title: "Too little or too much? Actionable Advice in an Early-Childhood Text Messaging Experiment?"

    Seminar on the 11th of October
    Presenter: Fabrice Le Lec, University Paris 1
    Title: "Liberal or paternalistic preference? An experimental test"

  • September

    Seminar on the 27th of September
    Presenter: Stephan Maurer, University of Konstanz
    Title: "Oil Discoveries and Education Spending in the Postbellum South"

  • May

    Seminar on the 24th of May
    Presenter: Vincent Vannetelbosch, Université catholique de Louvian
    Title: "R&D Network Formation with Myopic and Farsighted Firms"

    Seminar on the 17th of May
    Presenter: Sylvie Lambert, Paris School of Economics
    Title: "Adoption of improved seeds and land allocation: evidence from DRC" with Tanguy Bernard, Sylvie Lambert, Karen Macours et Margaux Vinez. 

  • April

    Seminar on the 26th of April
    Presenter: Martin Ravallion, Georgetown University
    Title: "Social Protection and Economic Development: Are the Poorest Being Lifted-Up or Left-Behind?"

  • March

    Seminar on the 29th of March
    Presenter: Elena Esposito, University of Lausanne
    Title: "Side effects of immunity: the rise of African slavery in the US South"

    Seminar on the 15th of March
    Presenter: Davide Cantoni, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
    Title: "Protests as Strategic Games: Experimental Evidence from Hong Kong's Democracy Movement"

    Seminar on the 1st of March
    Presenter: Steve Stillmann, University of Bozen
    Title: "Violent conflict and the Child Quantity-Quality Tradeoff" 

Seminars 2017

  • December

    Seminar on the 7th of December
    Presenter: Michael Lechner, University of St.Gallen
    Title: "Heterogeneous Employment Effects of Job Search Programmes: A Machine Learning Approach"

  • November

    Seminar on the 23rd of November
    Presenter: Simon Hug, University of Geneva
    Title: "Shirking and Slacking in Parliament" with Elena Frech and Niels Goet

    Seminar on the 9th of November
    Presenter: Giovanni Mellace, University of Southern Denmark
    Title: "The Causal Effects of Diabets Disease Management in General Practice on Hospitalizations"

    Seminar on the 2nd of November
    Presenter: Jean Robert Tyran, University of Vienna
    Title: "Voter Motivation and the Quality of Democratic Choice" with Lydia Mechtenberg 

  • October

    Seminar on the 19th of October
    Presenter: Paul Raschky, Monash University
    Title: "The Internet and Political Mobilization" with Klaus Ackermann, Simon Angus and Roland Hodler

    Seminar on the 12th of October
    Presenter: Joel van der Weele, University of Amsterdam
    Title: "Deception and Self Deception"

  • September

    Seminar on the 28th of September
    Presenter: Lena Janys, University of Bonn
    Title: "A General Semiparametric Approach to Inference with Marker-Dependent Hazard Rate Models with and without Frailty"

  • May

    Seminar on the 18th of May
    Presenter: Benny Geys, Norwegian Business School
    Title: "Abandon Ship? Party Brands and Politicians' Responses to a Political Scandal"

    Seminar on the 4th of May
    Presenter: Michael Grimm, University of Passau
    Title: "Rainfall risk, fertility and development: Evidence from farm settlements during the American demographic transition"

  • April

    Seminar on the 27th of April
    Presenter: Pramila Krishnan, Cambridge
    Title: "Fading Choice: Transport Costs and Variety in Consumer Goods" with Jan Willem Gunning and Andualem Telaye

    Seminar on the 6th of April
    Presenter: Gianmarco Leon, University of Pompeu Fabra
    Title: "Accountability, Political Capture and Selection into Politics: Evidence from Peruvian Municipalities"

  • March

    Seminar on the 23rd of March
    Presenter: Petros Sekeris, University of Portsmouth
    Title: "Unbundling the Resource Curse" with Alex Dickson and Ian MacKenzie

    Seminar on the 15th of March, Room B205, 11:15 - 12:30 a.m.
    Presenter: Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Syracuse University, Center for Policy Research
    Title: "Conscription and Military Service: Do They Result in Future Violent and Non-Violent Incarcerations and Recidivism?" with Xintong Wang

    Seminar on the 9th of March
    Cancelled

  • February

    Seminar on the 23rd of February
    Presenter: Alessandro Riboni, Ecole Polytechnique
    Title: "Nation-building, Nationlism and Wars" with Alberto Alesina and Bryony Reich

Seminars 2016

  • December

    Seminar on the 1st of December
    Presenter: Lore Vandewalle, Graduate Institute
    Title: "The social cost of social norms: evidence from gender quotas"

  • November

    Seminar on the 24th of November
    Presenter: Simone Schüller, IFO Münich
    Title: "Internet and Voting in the Web 2.0 Era: Evidence from a Local Broadband Policy"

    Seminar on the 10th of November
    Presenter: Mario Jametti, Università della Svizzera Italiana (Lugano)
    Title: "Catastrophic Agglomeration: Indirect Evidence from the Tax Sensitivity of Firm Births?"

  • October

    Seminar on the 27th of October
    Presenter: Dana Sisak, Erasmus University Rotterdam
    Title: "Peer Evaluation and Team Performance: An Experiment on Complex Problem Solving" with John Morgan and Susanne Neckermann

    Seminar on the 13th of October
    Presenter: Isabel Günther, ETH Zürich
    Title: "Making an impact? The relevance of aid effectiveness for donation decisions. A laboratory experiment."  

  • September

    Seminar on the 29th of September
    Presenter: Holger Strulik, University of Göttingen
    Title: "Health and Hyperbolic Discounting"

  • May

    Seminar on the 19th of May
    Presenter: François Libois, Namur University
    Title: " Households in Times of War: Adaptation Strategies during the Nepal Civil War"

  • April

    Seminar on the 27th of April (Wednesday) Room B205, 4:15 - 5:30 p.m.
    Presenter: Katie Baldiga Coffmann, Ohio State University
    Title: "Evidence on Self-Stereotyping and the Contribution of Ideas"

    Seminar on the 27th of April (Wednesday) Room B205, 2:30 - 3:45 p.m.
    Presenter: Lucas Coffman, Ohio State University
    Title: "Pathways of Persuasion", joint with Paul Niehaus

    Seminar on the 20th of April (Wednesday) Room B130
    Presenter: Johannes Schmieder, Boston University
    Title: "The Rise of Domestic Outsourcing and the Evolution of the German Wage Structure"

     

  • March

    Seminar on the 24th of March
    Presenter: Dominique van de Walle, World Bank
    Title: "Women left behind? Poverty and headship in Africa", with Annamaria Milazzo

    Seminar on the 10th of March
    Presenter: Andreas Steinmayr, University of Munich
    Title: "Exposure to Refugees and Voting for the Far-Right. (Unexpected) Results from Austria"

  • February

    Seminar on the 25th of February
    Presenter: Mark Gradstein, Ben-Gurion University
    Title: “Can Black Gold Shine? The Effect of Oil Prices on Nighttime Light in Brazil”, with Marc Klemp

Seminars 2015

  • December

    Seminar on the 10th of December
    Presenter: Marie Claire Villeval, CNRS - University of Lyon
    Title: "Equality concerns and the limits of self-governance in heterogeneous populations"

  • November

    Seminar on the 26th of November
    Presenter: Harald Oberhofer, Vienna University of Economics and Business
    Title: "Who Creates Jobs? Econometric Modeling and Evidence for Austrian Firm Level Data"

    Seminar on the 12th of November
    Presenter: Florian Zimmermann, University of Zürich
    Title: " Learning about Job Search: A Field Experiment with Job Seekers in Germany"

  • October

    Seminar on the 29th of October
    Presenter: Christoph Moser, University of Salzburg
    Title: "Hidden Protectionism? Evidence from Non-tariff Barriers to Trade in the United States" (joint work with Robert Grundke)

    Seminar on the 15th of October
    Presenter: Christian Thöni, Université de Lausanne
    Title: "Cultural origins of cooperation: The role of permeability of societies"

    Seminar on the 1st of October
    Presenter: Ronny Freier, DIW, Berlin
    Title: "Regression Discontinuity Designs Based on Population Thresholds: Pitfalls and Solutions "

  • September

    Seminar on the 17th of September
    Presenter: Christina Felfe, University of St. Gallen
    Title: "Granting Birthright Citizenship - A Door Opener for Immigrant Children's Educational Participation and Success?"

  • May

    Seminar on the 21st of May
    Presenter: Thomas Brändle, Eidg. Finanzverwaltung und Universität Basel
    Title:"What drives public health care expenditure"

    Seminar on the 7th of May
    Presenter: Nicola Gennaioli, Boddoni University
    Title: "Stereotypes"

  • April

    Seminar on the 30th of April
    Presenter: Andrew Pickering, University of York
    Title: "Inequality and the composition of taxes"

  • March

    Seminar on the 26th of March
    Presenter: Carl Christian von Weizsäcker, Max Planck Institute
    Title: "The negative natural rate of interest - and its policy implications"

    Seminar on the 19th of March
    Presenter: Hillel Rapoport, Paris School of Economics
    Title: "The effect of labor migration on the diffusion of democracy: evidence from a former Soviet Republic"

    Seminar on the 12th of March
    Presenter: Roland Hodler, Universität St. Gallen
    Title: "Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China's Foreign Assistance"

  • February

    Seminar on the 26th of February
    Presenter: Julien Labonne, University of Oxford
    Title: "Incumbent Advantage, Voter Information and Vote Buying" with Ceci Cruz and Phil Keefer

Seminars 2014

  • December

    Seminar on the 11th of December
    Presenter: Marko Koethenbuerger, ETH Zürich
    Title: "Do electoral Rules Alter the Effect of Fiscal Transfers? Evidence from German Municipalities"

  • November

    Seminar on the 27th of November
    Presenter: Catherine Guirkinger, University of Namur
    Title: "Tribes and ploughs: clan institutions and production decisions of Kazakhs under Russian colonization"

    Seminar on the 13th of November
    Presenter: Mathieu Couttenier, University of Lausanne
    Title: "The Violent Legacy of War Exposure: Evidence on Asylum Seekers, Crimes and Public Policy in Swiss Cantons" with V. Preotu, D. Rohner, and M. Thoenig

     

  • October

    Seminar on the 30th of October
    Presenter: Marc Sangnier, Aix-Marseille School of Economics
    Title: "The Wild West is Wild: The Homicide Resource Curse"

    Seminar on the 16 th of October
    Presenter: Eva Deuchert, Universität St. Gallen
    Title: "Crawling Up the Cash Cliff: Behavioral Responses to a Disability Insurance Reform"

    Seminar on the 2nd of October
    Presenter: Nicolas Jacquemet, Paris School of Economics and University of Lorraine
    Title: "Labour Supply, Work Effort and Contract Choice: Theory and Evidence on Physicians with B. Fortin and B. Seharer"