photo

Pascal Mark Gygax

PD, PhD, MSc, BSc

pascal.gygax@unifr.ch

Lecteur-trice

Address

RM 01 bu. C-4.109
Rue P.A. de Faucigny 2
1700 Fribourg

Office

RM 01, C-4.109

  • Biography

    I am an experimental psycholinguist and cognitive psychologist interested in the way we go beyond text and/or discourse to form mental representations. I have been particularly interested in the way background knowledge and explicit elements interact to form what we actually retain from reading or discourse. Although I mainly work on gender, emotion and health-related inferences, I have also been very much interested in the way gender stereotypes creep into the way we see the world.

    Beside my work at the University of Fribourg (as a head of the Psycholinguistics and Applied Social Psychology Group, with Pascal Wagner-Egger), I am also involved in different forms of communication for the public understanding of science. I regularly speak on radio, give workshops on gender-fair language, and explain to children in schools how their perception of gender has been very much impacted by social conventions.

  • Publications

    Publication list

    Kim, J. D., Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U.(2019). Testing the effectiveness of the Internet-based instrument PsyToolkit: a comparison between web-based (PsyToolkit) and lab-based (E-Prime 3.0) measurements of response choice and response time in a complex psycholinguistic task. PLOS ONE 14 : e0221802. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221802

    Bylund, E., Gygax, P., Samuel, S. & Athanasopoulos, P. (in press). Back to the future? The role of temporal focus for mapping time onto space. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. doi:10.1177/1747021819867624

    Gygax, P. M., Elmiger, D., Zufferey, S., Garnham, A., Sczesny, S., von Stockhausen, L., Braun, F., & Oakhill, J. (2019). A Language Index of Grammatical Gender dimensions for those interested in the impact of grammatical gender on the way we perceive women and men. Frontiers in Psychology. 10:1604. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01604

    Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2019). “Roger broke his tooth. However, he went to the dentist”: Why some readers struggle to evaluate wrong (and right) uses of connectives. Discourse Processes, First View.doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2019.1607446

    Gygax P.M., Schoenhals L., Lévy A., Luethold P. and Gabriel U. (2019). Exploring the Onset of a Male-Biased Interpretation of Masculine Generics Among French Speaking Kindergarten Children. Frontiers in Psychology. 10:1225. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01225

    Monaco, E., Jost, L. B., Gygax, P. M., & Annoni, J.-M. (2019). Embodied Semantics in a Second Language: Critical Review and Clinical Implications. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00110

    Gabriel, U., Gygax, P. & Kuhn, E. (2018). Neutralising linguistic sexism: Promising but cumbersome? Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 21, 844-858. doi: 10.1177/1368430218771742.

    Wagner-Egger, P., & Gygax, P. (2018). Diana was not involved in the 9/11 terrorist attacks! Or was she? The boomerang effects of newspaper headline. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 77, 15-22

    Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2017). Processing explicit and implicit discourse relations in a second language. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:1198. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01198 

    Gabriel, U., Behne, D., & Gygax, P. (2017). Speech vs. reading comprehension: An explorative study of gender representations in NorwegianJournal of Cognitive Psychology, 29, 795-808. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1326923

    Sato, Oetl, Gabriel & Gygax (2017). Assessing the impact of gender grammaticization on thought: A psychological and psycholinguistic perspective. Osnabrücker Beiträge zur Sprachtheorie (OBST), 90.

    Gillioz, C., & Gygax, P. (2017). The specificity of emotion inferences as a function of emotional contextual support. Discourse Processes, 54, 1-8http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2015.1095597 

    Parzuchowski, M, Bocian, K, Gygax, P. (2016). Sizing up objects: the effect of diminutive forms on mood, value and size judgments. Frontiers in Psychology – Language Sciences, 7:1452. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01452 

    Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2016). Gender and linguistic sexism. In  H. Giles & A. Maas (Eds). Advances in intergroup Communication. CITY: Peter Lang Publishers.

    Gygax, P. M., Garnham, A., & Doehren, S. (2016). What Do True Gender Ratios and Stereotype Norms Really Tell Us? Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition, 1036http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01036

    Sato, S., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2016). Gauging the impact of gender grammaticization in different languages: Application of a linguistic-visual paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology – Language Sciences, 7, 140. 

    Sato, S., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2016). Changing male-dominant representations in German: A study on nominalized adjectives and participles. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, First View.  doi: 10.1177/0261927X15625442.

    Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. & Zesiger, P.(2015). Gender representation in language: The onset of grammar-stereotype interplay in toddlerhood. Journal of Child Language, First View.doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S030500091500063X.

    Vervecken, D., Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Guillod, M., Hannover, B. (2015). Warm businessmen, cold housewives? Effects of gender-fair language on adolescents’ perceptions of occupations. Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01437 

    Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2015). The role of perspective shifts for the communication and processing of discourse relations. Discourse Processes. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2015.1062839.

    Garnham, A., Doehren, S. D., & Gygax, P. M. (2015). True gender ratios and stereotype rating norms. Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition, 6 (1023). http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01023 

    Zimmermann, R., & Gygax, P. (2015). Women’s endorsement of sexist beliefs directed towards the self and towards other women in general. In L. Faniko., F. Lorenzi-Cioldi, O. Sarrasin,  & E. Mayor (Eds). Men and women in social hierarchies. Bern: Peter Lang Publishers

    Gygax, P., & Gillioz, C. (2015). Emotion inferences during reading: Going beyond the tip of the iceberg. In E.J. O’Brien, A.E., Cook,& R.F. Lorch (Eds). Inferences during reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Thomas C., Didierjean, A., Maquestiaux, F., and Gygax, P. (2015). Does Magic Offer a Cryptozoology Ground for Psychology. Review of General Psychology, 19, 117-128. 

    Wyrobková, A, & Gygax, P. (2015). Human and Man side by side, Woman trapped in a different reality: Word associations in Czech. Journal of Czechoslovac Psychology, 59, 44-56.

    Misersky, J., Gygax, P., Canal, P., Gabriel, U., Garnham, A., Braun, F., Chiarini, T., Englund, K., Hanulikova, A., Öttl, A., Valdrova, J., Von Stockhausen, L., & Sczesny, S. (2014)Beauticians are rarely male: Norms on the gender perception of role nouns in Czech, English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, and Slovak. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 841-871. 

    Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U., (2014). Fostering the generic interpretation of grammatically masculine forms: When my aunt could be one of the mechanics. The Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26, 27-38.

    Sato, S., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2013). Grammatical features and their impact on the representation of gender in bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16, 792-807

    Gygax, P.M., Sarrasin, O., Lévy, A., Sato., S., & Gabriel, U. (2013). La représentation mentale du genre pendant la lecture : état actuel de la recherche et directions futures. Journal of French Language Studies23, 243-257. 

    Gillioz, C., Gygax, P., & Tapiero, I. (2012). Individual differences and emotional inferences during reading comprehension. The Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 239-250.

    Garnham, A., Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O. & Oakhill, J. (2012). Gender representation in language and grammatical cues: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics remain men. Discourse Processes, 49, 481-500

    Wagner-Egger, P., Gygax, P., & Ribordy, F. (2012). Racism and judging fouls: The dark side of sport. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114, 275-289. 

    Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Lévy, A., Pool, E., Grivel, M., & Pedrazzini, E. (2012). The masculine form and its competing interpretations in French: When linking grammatically masculine role names to female referents is difficult. Journal of Cognitive Psychology24, 395-408. 

    Sarrasin, O., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P.M. (2012). Sexism and attitudes toward nonsexist language: The case of English, French and German. The Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 113-124. 

    Bosson, M., Maggiori, C., Gygax, P.M., & Gay, C. (2012). Smoking and adolescence: Exploring tobacco consumption and related attitudes in three different age groups in Switzerland. Journal of Youth Studies, 15, 225-240. 

    Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2011). Gender representation in language: More than meets the eye. In R. M. Mishra & N. Srinivasan (Eds). Language-cognition interface: State of the art. Munich: Lincom Europa.

    Gygax, P., Bosson, M., Gay, C., & Ribordy, F. (2010). Relevance of health warnings on cigarette packages: a psycholinguistic investigation. Health Communication, 25, 397-409.

    Gygax, P. (2010). L’inférence émotionnelle durant la lecture et sa composante comportementale. L’Année Psychologique, 2, 253-273. 

    Lamontagne-Mueller L. & Gygax, P. (2009). Le modèle social/environnemental du handicap: un outil pour sensibiliser les enseignantes et les enseignants en formation. La Revue des HEP de Suisse romande et du Tessin, 9, 77-95.

    Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2009). Some grammatical rules are more difficult than others: The case of the generic interpretation of the masculine. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 24, 235-246.

    Marmolejo-Ramos, F., Elosúa de Juan, M.R., Gygax, P., Madden, C. & Mosquero, S. (2009). Narrative text comprehension. Current trends and future research. Pragmatics and Cognition, 17, 77-88. 

    Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2008). Can language amendments change gender representation? The case of Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49, 451-457. 

    Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U. (2008). Can a group of musicians be composed of women? Generic interpretation of French masculine role names in absence and presence of feminine forms. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 141-153. 

    Gygax, P., Wagner-Egger, P., Parris, B., Seiler, R., & Hauert, C.-A. (2008). A psycholinguistic investigation of football players’ mental representations of game situations: Does expertise count? Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 85-95. 

    Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2008). Au-pairs are rarely male: Role names’ gender stereotype information across three languages. Behavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers, 40, 206-212. 

    Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2008). There is no generic masculine in French and German: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics are all men. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23, 464-485. 

    Gygax, P., Tapiero, I. & Carruzzo, E. (2007). Emotion inferences during reading comprehension: What evidence can the self-pace reading paradigm provide? Discourse processes, 44, 33-50.

    Gygax, P. &  Gesto, N. (2007). Lourdeur de texte et féminisation. L’Année Psychologique, 107, 233-250. 

    Gnesa, R., & Gygax, P. (2005). Pertinence des messages de santé : Une étude sur les temps de lecture des phrases à messages préventifs. Bulletin de Psychologie, 58, 233-239.

    Gygax, P., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2004). Understanding Emotions in Text: Readers Do Not Represent Specific Emotions. Language and Cognitive Processes, 19, 613-638. 

    Gygax, P., Oakhill, J. & Garnham, A (2003). Emotion in Text Comprehension: Do Readers Infer Specific emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 17, 413-428. 

  • Teaching and courses

    Colloque de Bachelor UE-L25.00653 SA-2019 SP-2020
    Faculty of Humanities

    Méthodologie de la recherche UE-L25.00010 SA-2019 SP-2020
    Faculty of Humanities

    Monday 10:15 - 12:00, PER 21 Room A120

    Psychologie cognitive du langage UE-L25.00108 SA-2019
    Faculty of Humanities

    Friday 10:15 - 12:00, PER 21 Room A140

    Travail de Bachelor UE-L25.00134 SA-2019 SP-2020
    Faculty of Humanities

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