Forschungsprojekte: Abstracts

  • Alumnibefragung ehemaliger Studierender

    Titel
    Alumnibefragung ehemaliger Studierender des deutschsprachigen Teils des Studienbereichs Soziologie, Sozialpolitik und Sozialarbeit im Departement Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Fribourg

    Zusammenfassung
    Der Studienbereich Soziologie, Sozialpolitik und Sozialarbeit führt regelmässig eine Befragung ehemaliger Studierender durch um zu eruieren, welchen Nutzen die Alumni aus dem Studium ziehen konnten und wie ihr berufliches Fortkommen ist. Der Studienbereich möchte durch diese Informationen überprüfen, inwiefern die angebotenen Studiengänge auf lange Sicht die Anforderungen der Alumni erfüllen. Alle ehemaligen Studierenden werden mittels eines Onlinefragebogens befragt. Die Alumni werden per Email gebeten, an der Befragung teilzunehmen. Das in diesem Projekt angewandte Instrument und die Ergebnisse können genutzt werden, um die Qualität des Studiums zu verbessern und deutlicher aufzuzeigen, welche Stärken und Schwächen innerhalb der Studienprogramme vorliegen. Es ist uns wichtig, die Sicht der ehemaligen Studierenden auf das Studienprogramm zu erheben. 

    Förderung: Eigenmittel
    ProjektmitarbeiterInnen: Sebastian Schief (sebastian.schief (at) unifr.ch) (Leitung), Monica Budowski, Christoph Tschanz
    Ehemalige MitarbeiterInnen: Lena Liechti
    Laufzeit: Seit 2010

  • Comparative perspectives on precarity and household strategies

    Within the fields of social inequalities and poverty research, recent empirical research highlights the need to approach a socioeconomic category often overlooked: the households in “precarious prosperity” that struggle to maintain a certain level of socioeconomic prosperity, while being aware of the limits of their opportunities and choices. This overlooked socioeconomic category has been termed “precarious prosperity”: it is a structural position within the social inequality order, located between poverty and secure material prosperity in terms of material wellbeing. Households and individuals within this socioeconomic category may be empirically identified by means of household income and standard of living. Such socioeconomic positions are often accompanied by experienced or perceived insecurity to maintain or improve them and the structural ability to plan the future. We term this combination of material wellbeing and insecurity over time as  “precarity”.
    The studies presented here address the topic of precarity in different countries and provide new insights about this socioeconomic category. They also present longitudinal qualitative and comparative information on how individuals and households living in precarious prosperity experience, manage and conduct their lives, what their living conditions and their (household) strategies of households are.

    Projects

    • A Comparative Perspective on Household Strategies in Conditions of Precarious Prosperity in Chile, Costa Rica, Spain and Switzerland
    • A Comparative Perspective on Precarious Prosperity and Household Strategies in Romania and Switzerland in Times of Economic Strain


    Team
    Prof. Dr. Monica Budowski (CH) 
    Dr. Iuliana Precupetu (RO) 
    Dr. Ana Maria Preoteasa (RO)
    MA Rebekka Sieber (CH) 
    Prof. Dr. Christian Suter (CH)
    Dr. Ionela Vlase (RO) 

    Previous Members
    Dr. Michèle Amacker (CH) 
    MA Maurizio Coppola (CH)
    MA Jacqueline Kalbermatter (CH)
    Dr. Wiebke Keim (CH)
    Dr. Daniel Vera (CH)

  • Employment and Social Differences in the Health Sector: An Institutional Perspective on a Swiss Hospital

    Summary

    The health care labour market is highly structured along categories of difference, such as formal qualification, migration experience, gender or age. Research has pointed out that these differences are often used in a discriminatory way (Kofman & Raghuram 2009). Most studies have taken either a micro perspective (work biographies of individuals) or a macro perspective (legal and structural frame). Research that analyses the meso-level of the employing institutions is scarce and, in addition, often lacks a sound conceptualisation of inequality. We therefore propose a project that combines two heuristic perspectives: institutional ethnography (IE), as a means of understanding the institutional logic and ruling relations in hospitals (Smith 1987; 2005), and multilevel intersectional research (Winker & Degele 2009), used to unveil social inequality and discrimination. The project aims to further our understanding of these institutional logics by conducting research in a Swiss hospital, and by contextualizing the institutional logics in the national and international frameworks of legal rules and established practices of labour migration and employment.

    This leads to the following research question: How do hospitals in a field of highly structured levels of formal qualifications and under the pressure of neoliberal restructuring handle their personnel policies? On the one hand, we focus on the context of the hospitals’ policies: the national frameworks that regulate labour and migration and the stakeholders that influence labour arrangements in hospitals. On the other hand, we look inside the hospital and inquire about the institutional logics that shape personnel policies. It is important to analyse the practices and structures in terms of ruling relations, i.e. the complex of relations that organize the social practice such as work in contemporary societies (Smith 1990a). This perspective is then further combined with an intersectional lens to understand how personnel policies are structured by categories of difference such as gender, migration, nationality/ethnicity, age and qualifications.

    To answer these questions, we will follow two perspectives of data collection: outside the hospital we will collect documents (for instance legal texts). Inside the hospital, we will conduct an Institutional Ethnography (IE) that involves collecting documents, as well as conducting observation and semi-structured interviews.

    The study seeks to contribute to the field of research on social inequality and discrimination in the labour market using an institutional perspective. Combining the research strategies of IE and multilevel intersectionality constitutes a novel approach to these questions. By structuring our research in this way, we hope to enrich the debate theoretically and methodologically. For practitioners, the results will have implications for equal rights policies and will address questions related to personnel shortages.

     

    Key Words

    Labour market; social differences; intersectionality; personnel policies; health care sector

     

    Funding Source: Stiftung Homo Liberalis

     

    Applicants: PD Dr. Marina Richter (University of Fribourg)

    Project Leaders: PD Dr. Marina Richter, Prof. Dr. Susan Thieme (University of Bern)

    Collaborator: Dr. Carole Ammann

    Duration: 2018-2019

  • Evaluationsforschung «Evaluation Electronic Monitoring»

    Titel
    Evaluationsforschung „Evaluation Electronic Monitoring“

    Zusammenfassung
    Das Projekt begleitet und evaluiert die Einführung von Electronic Monitoring in verschiedenen Anwendungsfeldern des Straf- und Justizvollzugs im Kanton Zürich. Dabei werden die Perspektiven verschiedener involvierter Akteure (Institutionen wie auch Personen) erhoben. Die Erhebungen kombinieren qualitative und quantitative Instrumente (mixed-methods).

    Auftraggeber: Amt für Justizvollzug, Kanton Zürich
    Projektleitung: Marina Richter, Ueli Hostettler
    Forschende: Barbara Ryser
    Laufzeit: 01.11.2016 - 31.10.2019

  • Female and male youth’s experiences of violence in domestic networks: gendered interpretation and associated options for agency

    Title

    Female and male youth’s experiences of violence in domestic networks: gendered interpretation and associated options for agency

    Summary

    Domestic violence and violence within the domestic sphere is regarded as a major social problem. Many studies disclose the wide range of negative effects of domestic violence on the victims regarding their health and their social situation. The causes of violence are manifold. They are located on all levels of society: in the personal history, the microsystem, the exo- and macrosystem.

    In contrast to the huge body of research on domestic violence, studies on young people’s experiences of violence in the domestic sphere and possible differences due to gender are scant and fragmented.

    This project thus focuses on female and male youth that live in violence-prone domestic networks in Switzerland. We concentrate on youth who are witness, victim and/or perpetrator of violence in their households of origin. We want to understand the youth’s opportunities and modalities to deal with violence within the domestic sphere. We assume that within the domestic networks ‘social logics’ of dealing with violence exist and that they are gendered. Our aim is to detect such network-intrinsic gendered logics by revealing and understanding the female and male youth’s interpretation of violence and their thereof perceived options of agency.

    Our research questions are:
    - How is violence in domestic networks interpreted, and to what extent and how does this interpretation structure the female and male youth’s options for agency?
    - What are the gendered network-intrinsic logics of dealing with violence in the domestic sphere and what options for agency for youth result there from?

    Qualitative ego-centered social network analysis and thematic interviews with 20 male and female youth between 16 and 25 years of age serve as an empirical basis for this research project.

    The project aims to reduce research gaps and to scientifically generate knowledge about possible logics and contextual aspects of dealing with violence. From a practical perspective, it will provide useful information to conceptualize and/or improve legal regulations as well as to device interventions to support youth to avoid or reduce the effects of experiences of violence in their households of origin.

    Key Words

    Violence in the domestic sphere, youth, gender, qualitative social network analysis

    Funding Source: Stiftung Homo Liberalis

    Applicants: Dr. Anne Kersten und Prof. Dr. Monica Budowski
    Project Leader: Dr. Anne Kersten
    Collaborator: Dinah Peng
    Duration: August 2018 – Dezember 2020
    Contact: annegret.kersten@unifr.ch

  • Kundenumfragen für die Schweizerische Multiple-Sklerose-Gesellschaft (SMSG)

    Zusammenfassung

    Der Studienbereich Soziologie, Sozialpolitik und Sozialarbeit der Universität Fribourg, vertreten durch Dr. Sebastian Schief, wurde von der Schweizerischen Multiple Sklerose Gesellschaft beauftragt, die Konzeption, Durchführung und Auswertung von Kundenumfragen zu übernehmen. Die Schweizerische Multiple Sklerose Gesellschaft ist eine Non-Profit-Organisation in der Geschäftsform eines Vereins. Die Gesellschaft arbeitet schweizweit in allen Landessprachen. Die MS-Gesellschaft ist gegenüber dem Bundesamt für Sozialversicherungen rechenschaftspflichtig und hat das mit einem Finanzbeitrag verbundene Leistungspaket jährlich nachzuweisen. Teil dieses Nachweises ist es, die Qualität der Leistungen mittels Kundenumfragen zu bestätigen. Bis jetzt wurden die Kundenbefragungen intern erstellt, durchgeführt und ausgewertet. Ziel ist eine Überarbeitung resp. Neukonzeption der Erhebungsinstrumente, die Durchführung der Erhebung, eine Eingabe und Analyse der erhobenen Daten (deskriptiv oder inferenzstatistisch) sowie eine Berichterstellung und visuelle Darstellung der Berichtsergebnisse. Die Kundenumfragen betreffen die Qualität von vier Dienstleistungsbereichen: Beratungen, Freiwilligenarbeit, Veranstaltungen, Öffentlichkeitsarbeit.

    Förderung: Schweizerischerische Multiple-Sklerose-Gesellschaft (SMSG)
    ProjektmitarbeiterInnen: Sebastian Schief (Leitung), Thomas Fasel (Mitarbeiter), Marc Wittwer (Mitarbeiter)
    Laufzeit: seit September 2014

 

zurück